Mechanical Contracting
Updated: August 21, 2007

Management of Nekison Engineering & Contractors Ltd. is vitally interested in the Health & Safety of its employees. Protection of employees from injury or occupational disease is a major continuing objective. Nekison Engineering & Contractors Ltd. will make every effort to provide a safe, healthy environment. All supervisors and workers must be dedicated to the continuing objective of reducing risk of injury.

Nekison Engineering & Contractors Ltd. as employer is ultimately responsible for worker, health and safety. As president of Nekison Engineering & Contractors Ltd. I give you my personal promise that every reasonable precaution will be taken for protection of workers.

Supervisors will be held accountable for the health & safety of workers under their supervision. Supervisors are responsible to ensure machinery and equipment are safe and that workers work in compliance with established safe work practices and procedures. Workers must receive adequate training in their specific work tasks to protect their health and safety.

Every worker must protect his or her own health & safety by working in compliance with law and with safe work practices and procedures established by the company.

It is in the best interest of all parties to consider heath & safety in every activity. Commitment to health & safety must form an integral part of this organization, from the president to the workers.



Introduction to Safety


Reporting & Investigating

Early & Safe Return to Work

Tools & Equipment


Fall Protection Systems

First Aid Requirements


Personal Protective Equipment

Other Safety Policies



Accident prevention is everyone’s responsibility. An objective of this company is to provide a safe and healthy work environment at all times to accomplish this, it is required that every employee of Nekison Engineering & Contractors Ltd. understands the regulations of the Occupational Health and Safety Act and abides strictly by them.

Accidents do not just happen, they have a cause. The cause of accidents can be eliminated through education and training, routine safety inspections and respect for safe work practice.

The Company Safety Program is a structural plan that implements safety through joint participation of labour and management, both taking a disciplined approach to responsibility, accident prevention, reporting and investigating, and the enforcement of safety rules and regulations.

The effectiveness of the Safety Program is measurable by key company indications such as the number of preventable versus non-preventable accidents, the number of lost time injuries, and the number of hours worked. All lost time injuries will be reported by the employees to their Supervisor.


It is the Company’s responsibility to provide suitable training when required, appropriate equipment in proper working condition (where required) and to ensure and promote safe working conditions.

It is Management’s responsibility to select competent Foremen, who are knowledgeable of the Occupational Health and Safety Act. Foreman must understand the requirements of the Nekison Engineering & Contractors Ltd. Safety Policy and have the ability to address employee concerns.

It is the worker’s responsibility to work safely; using common sense at all times, and not take unnecessary risks. Workers must report all injuries to your foreman, regardless of how small, as soon as they occur.

Foremen and or supervisors must supervise the work in progress and ensure that the work is done in compliance with all OH&S laws, our company health and safety policies and procedures. In addition, your supervisor will:

  1. First Aid cases must be immediately reported to your supervisor, or their designate, and they will record the required information in the first aid logbook.
  2. In their absence, appoint a competent person to do so,
  3. Ensure all workers comply with the OH&SA Regulations,
  4. Advise workers of actual and potential safety hazards associated with your work,
  5. Provide and or arrange for training in required health and safety related topics,
  6. Circulate, post and explain this health and safety policy to their workers,
  7. Discipline any worker that violates our health and safety policies or OH&S laws,
  8. Have a copy of the OH&SA and associated Regulations available for reference,
  9. Work with the safety representative, or a JH&SC as required,
  10. Implement the program to ensure our company policies are known and followed,
  11. Monitor implement our Early & Safe Return to Work Policy
  12. Perform routine workplace safety inspections,
  13. Investigate all accident and incident reports and institute corrective action required,
  14. Encourage the immediate reporting of unsafe acts and/or conditions
  15. Ensure that corrective measures or disciplinary action are done in a timely manner.
  16. Conduct health and safety meetings and toolbox talks.
  17. Ensure that PPE is available, worn and used as required,
  18. Ensure that safe and healthy conditions are met in the workplace.
  19. Take every reasonable precaution to protect workers from injury and/or illness.


The following reporting requirements are for your knowledge, as each one has specific recording and reporting information required. Any employee suffering any of the following occurrences (expect critical/fatal injuries) must report as follows:

  1. First Aid cases must be immediately reported to your supervisor, or their designate, and they will record the required information in the first aid logbook.
  2. Medical Aid/Health Care cases must be immediately reported to your supervisor, or their designate, as they will ensure prompt medical attention and, if required, transportation to a medical facility and initiate an investigation into the causes of the accident. The WSIB and the MOL will be notified buy our company as required.
  3. Lost Time Injury cases are very serious, as the injured person will require time off work to recuperate. Immediately report the injury to your supervisor (if able) in order that they can arrange for prompt medical attention, transportation to a medical facility and initiate the investigation into the causes of the accident. The WSIB and MOL will be notified by our company as required. If you are the injured person, you are required to maintain contact with our company throughout the duration of your recovery.
  4. Critical or Fatal Injuries present extremely stressful conditions and must be handled quickly by trained personnel. The MOL must be notified immediately. If you are first on the scene, the following steps be followed:
    1. Send someone to notify the supervisor immediately and to call 911
    2. If qualified to do so, render first aid until help arrives,
    3. Send someone to guide the ambulance to the scene,
    4. Send someone to call our main office to activate our crisis response procedure,
    5. Stay with the injured person until the supervisor once they arrived,
    6. Turn the scene over to the supervisor once they have arrived,
    7. Restrict access to the accident scene,(other than Emergency/MOL),
    8. Rope off the accident area for the accident investigation,
    9. Notify the Safety Representative or JH&SC and union (if any)


Our company has long supported the concept of providing alternative work options to employees who sustain minor injuries. These work options have been called light duties or modified.

Modified duties provide the injured employee with meaningful work while they are recuperating from their injury. For example, if an injured worker sustained an arm injury that didn’t allow them to use their arm for a few days, the modified duties could be designed to ensure that they would not use the injured arm in their temporary position.

The injured worker is still active and (may) maintain their full earnings capacity in this temporary position.

Modified duties do not in any way jeopardize the injured worker’s WSIB claim or benefits or rights to future benefits. In many cases, modified duties assist in reducing the recuperation time for an injured worker and are one reason why most compensation systems now require a formal plan for ESRTW.

An important part of the ESRTW is communication. The WSIB in Ontario requires that the employer and worker contact each other as soon as possible after the injury, and maintain open lines of communication throughout the recovery period. We will strive to support the injured worker in his/her rehabilitation efforts, and provide the most appropriate modified work to assist this process.


It is the intention of Nekison Engineering & Contractors Ltd. Ltd. to provide safe equipment and tools at all times (when it is the responsibility of the Company to supply such tools and equipment) and to ensure that tools provided and used by workers are in safe and proper working order. No unsafe equipment or tools are to be used on any job for any reason. Any defective or unsafe equipment (provided by the Company) is to be brought to the attention of the Supervisor immediately, and it is his responsibility to have such equipment returned to the shop for repair.

To reduce the risk of employee injury or property damage, it is a requirement that the use of all equipment & tools be operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and in accordance with the Occupational Health & Safety Act/Regulations.

Employees shall perform a visual inspection of all equipment & tools prior to use. Any equipment that may pose a hazard shall be immediately removed from service, tagged “Do Not Operate”, and returned to the supervisor for repairs or disposal.

  1. An operator’s manual and/or instruction book for all equipment must be at the workplace and the operator familiar with its contents for safe operation.
  2. An operator shall be trained and competent in the safe use of any powered equipment.
  3. A maintenance log must be kept at the workplace showing repairs, dates and identifying the machine repaired.
  4. Re-fuelling operations for equipment must be performed outdoors.
  5. A load rating identification plate must be located on every machine and stamped on the appropriate component parts indicating load capacities. No equipment, load or tool shall pass over any individual.
  6. All equipment and tools must be secured in accordance with accepted practice.
  7. All permanent station machinery shall have clearly marked and accessible emergency shut off button.
  8. Prior to any repairs or maintenance, lock-out-tag out procedures must be followed.
  9. Always remove and lock out the power source prior to making adjustments.
  10. Exposed moving parts shall be guarded accordingly.
  11. All equipment & tools shall meet the standards established by CSA, the manufacturer, and maintained in good condition.
  12. No worker shall remove any protective device or guard from a machine, tool or equipment for any reason.
  13. Grinding disk/wheels shall be compatible with the speed of the equipment or the disk/wheel shall be removed and replaced.
  14. Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter’s (GFCI) shall be used where electrical shock is a hazard, for work outdoors or in damp/wet conditions.
  15. Extension cord-connected electrical equipment shall be inspected for cracks in the outer castings or outer insulation on a daily basis. Any cords or equipment with cracks or cuts in the casing shall be removed for repairs.
  16. All cord-connected equipment shall be equipped with a ground pin and/or a CFGI system.
Note: There may be some specific equipment, tool or conditions that we may not have addressed here. Please refer to the Occupational Health & Safety Act, Regulations and the manufacturer’s specifications for safe use for any questions.


All workers employed by Nekison Engineering & Contractors Ltd. Ltd. must have WHMIS training. Any employee with concerns regarding hazardous material should contact his or her foreman immediately.

Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are available through the Office for references purposes for any job on site.

WHMIS-stands for Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System. It is a Canada-Wide system used to provide information about all controlled products (chemicals and compressed gases as an example) used by worker’s on the job. There are three essential elements to WHMIS:

  • Labels
  • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSD’s)
  • Education and training

WHMIS is for your protection.

WHMIS describes the danger material you may use on the job and tells how to protect yourself from their hazards.

You should know if material has hazardous labels and safety data sheets.

All controlled products must have a label that identifies the product and includes,
  1. Name of the product
  2. WHMIS hazard symbol
  3. Classification
  4. Risk factor
  5. Precautions
  6. First Aid Instructions
  7. MSDS Referral
  8. The supplier
You can protect yourself by:
  • Practicing safe work habits
  • Being informed
  • Using personal protective equipment
  • Knowing emergency procedures
  • Following first aid practices


The Fall Protection procedure is to review the basic principles and requirements in the workplace.


The following systems create the Fall Protection procedures:

  1. Protective Cover System
  2. Travel Restraint System
  3. Fall Arrest System
Fall Protection shall be applied where a worker is exposed to any of the following hazards:
  1. Falling more than 3 metres. (10 feet)
  2. Falling more than 1.2 metres (4 feet), if the work area is used as path for a wheelbarrow or similar equipment.
  3. Falling into operating machinery.
  4. Falling into water or another liquid.
  5. Falling into or onto a hazardous substance or object.
  6. Falling through an opening on a work surface.
A Protective Cover shall be used to prevent a worker from falling through an opening on a work surface. The employee shall completely cover the opening with an identified cover that is securely fastened. The cover shall be made from a material that is adequate to support all loads to which the cover may be subjected. The cover must be capable of supporting a live load of at least 2.4 Kilopascals (50 psf) without exceeding the allowable unit stresses for the material used. A protective covering may be removed temporarily to perform work in or around the opening if a worker is adequately protected and signs are posted.

The Travel Restraint System shall consist of a full body harness with adequate attachment points or a safety belt. The full body harness shall be attached by a lifeline or lanyard to a fixed or temporary support. A competent worker shall inspect the system before each use. All defective components shall be removed and returned to the shop.

The Fall Arrest System shall consist of a full body harness with adequate attachment points and a lanyard equipped with a shock absorber. The system shall be attached by a lifeline or by the lanyard to an independent fixed support or temporary support. The system shall be arranged so that a worker cannot hit the ground or an object or a level below the work. A shock absorber shall not be used if it allows the worker to hit the ground or an object or a level below the work.

The system shall not subject a worker who falls to a peak fall arrest force greater than 8 kilonewtons (1,800 lb force). A competent worker before each use shall inspect the system. All defective components shall be removed and returned to the shop.


All Shop Departments and Field Project Trailers or Offices (or job boxes in the absence of the prior) shall have ready access to First Aid Kit, adequately stocked and maintained, as required by Workplace and Safety Board regulations.All Shop Departments and Field Project Trailers or Offices (or job boxes in the absence of the prior) shall have ready access to First Aid Kit, adequately stocked and maintained, as required by Workplace and Safety Board regulations.


Job sites that are clean and tidy are, as a result, safer sites. An increasing number of accidents are the direct result of careless attitudes and untidy job sites. Good housekeeping must be maintained at all times. Failure to company can result in job shutdown by the Ministry of Labour and loss of employment.

The following is a review of the basic principles of good housekeeping in the workplace.

  1. Work locations, vehicles, buildings and workstations shall be kept clean and orderly at all times.
  2. Floors and platforms shall be kept free of dangerous projections or obstructions and shall be maintained reasonably free from oil, grease, or water. Where the type of operation produces slippery conditions, the area shall be cleaned immediately, or mats, grates, cleats or other methods shall be used to reduce the hazard from slipping.
  3. Materials and supplies shall be stored in an orderly manner so as to prevent their falling or tipping and to eliminate the hazards of tripping or stumping.
  4. Emergency exists, stairways, aisles, permanent roadways, walkways, and material storage areas shall be identified and kept clear at all times.
  5. Materials and supplies shall not be stored in walkways, access doors and fire exits or block access to fire equipment.
  6. No clothing shall be allowed to hang on walls, behind doors or in the space back of switch- boards. No matches shall be left in cloths placed in lockers. Rubbish and unused clothing shall not be allowed to accumulate in lockers or in common areas.
  7. Waste material and debris shall be removed from work and access areas on a regular basis or at least once a day. Waste material and debris shall not be thrown from one level to another, but be carried down, lowered in containers or deposited in a disposal chute.
  8. Issues related to contamination of the floor, air or environment shall be immediately reported to your supervisor and dealt with under the appropriate regulatory disposal methods.
Flammable & Hazardous Materials
  1. Combustible materials such as oil soaked rags and waste shall be kept in approved metal containers.
  2. Flammable liquids such as gasoline, benzene,naphtha and paint thinner, etc, shall not be used for cleaning purposes.
  3. All solvents shall be kept in U.L./CSA approved and properly labeled containers. Gasoline, benzene, naphtha, paint thinner and other solvents of this class shall be handled and dispensed only from approved, properly labeled containers.
  4. In any building except one provided for storage, flammable liquids such as gasoline, benzene, naphtha, lacquer thinner, etc. shall be limited to five gallons, in UL/CSA approved properly labeled containers.
  5. When pouring or pumping gasoline or other flammable liquids from one container to another, metallic contact shall be maintained between the pouring and receiving containers and all grounding requirements observed.
  6. Strict adherence shall be paid to “No Smoking” and “Stop Your Motor’” signs at fuel dispensing locations.


Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is an essential part of every worker’s defence against accidental injury. Although some worker’s do not like wearing PPE, it provides the required protection for a variety of working situations. It has been proven on many occasions that the proper use of PPE will save lives. The following PPE is required, which includes training regarding its proper use and care:

  1. Hard Hats - A class”B” or “E” hard-hat is to be worn at all times while on a construction project. The shell must be free of cracks, holes or other defects. The suspension system must fit securely inside of the shell and must also be free from defects. It must be worn in accordance with the manufacture’s recommendations. It must meet CSA standards.
  2. Safety Shoes or Boots - Must have construction Grade 1 toe protection with sole protection in accordance with CSA standard Z195-M1984. The shoe or boot must be fully laced, be in good condition and worn in accordance with the manufacture’s recommendations. If there are tears in the outer shell of the boot or shoe, they should be replaced.
  3. Eye/Face Protection - May consist of glasses, goggles or a full-face shield depending on the circumstances. It must be used whenever there is a risk of injury to the eyes or face. The glasses, goggles or face shield should fit properly, be in good condition and be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
  4. Skin Protection - May include protective equipment such as aprons or coveralls, masks, gloves or lotions. Protective clothing, masks, gloves may be used to protect against chemicals or airborne contaminants in the form of gas, vapour, liquids, dusts or hot molten substrates. Lotions, like sunscreens, may be used to protect against radiant heat. (excessive exposure to sunlight as an example.)
  5. Lifejackets - Must be worn by any worker who may drown at a project workplace. A lifejacket is defined as a personal flotation device that provides sufficient buoyancy to keep the worker’s head above water, with their face up and without effort by the worker.


All rules and regulations set forth by our customers for their premises or worksites will be respected and adhered to.


In general this policy is in required compliance with the Occupational Health and Safety Act. A copy of this Act will be available to any employee for reference upon request.

There are certain recurring areas of accident hazard. For this reason we have attached an Appendix listing some of these areas for your particular attention and observation. This is by no means a complete list of potential hazards, but rather a list to get you thinking. If you feel there are additional safety concerns that are not addressed here, please let us know. Safety is everybody’s business!

Copyright © 2007, Nekison Engineering & Contractors Ltd. Terms of Use and Conditions.